Local Prosperity: Sources

Chapter 1

  1. Union of BC Municipalities. “Financing Local Government: Achieving Fiscal Balance.” Policy Paper #1. 2008 Convention. September 24, 2008.
  2. Federation of Canadian Municipalities. “Building Prosperity from the Ground Up: Restoring Municipal Fiscal Balance.” June, 2006.
  3. Hume, Christopher. “Vancouver’s mayor speaks for all.” Toronto Star. May 27, 2010.
  4. Table 1: Statistics Canada, Cansim 385-003.
  5. Table 2: Statistics Canada, Cansim 385-002.
  6. Chart A: Statistics Canada, Cansim, 385-003.
  7. Chart B: Statistics Canada, Cansim, 385-002.
  8. Chart C: Statistics Canada, Cansim 385-003.
  9. Chart D: Statistics Canada, Cansim 385-003.
  10. Chart E: Statistics Canada, Cansim, 385-003.
  11. Hamilton, Gordon. “Cut taxes or we’ll close paper mill: Catalyst.” Vancouver Sun. February 5, 2009.
  12. City of Port Alberni. “2010 – 2014 Draft Financial Plan.” January 12, 2010.
  13. City of Port Alberni. Council Summary. February 8, 2010.
  14. Province of British Columbia. News Release: “Major Industrial Property Taxation Review Underway.” March 10, 2010.
  15. Hunter, Justine. “A learner’s guide to shaping B.C.’s political agenda.” Globe and Mail. March 11, 2010.
  16. Palmer, Vaughn. “Liberals mull options on tax dispute.” Vancouver Sun, January 16, 2010.
  17. Warkentin, Grant. “Catalyst tax rate not overwhelming enough, says judge.” Campbell River Mirror. December 31, 2009.
  18. Finlayson, Jock. “Some thoughts on industrial property taxation in British Columbia.” BC Business Council presentation to the 2009 UBCM Convention. September 29, 2009.
  19. Canadian Manufacturers and Exporters, British Columbia. “Manufacturing BC – Outlook 2020.” 2009.
  20. Federation of Canadian Municipalities. “Policy statement on municipal finance and intergovernmental arrangements.” March, 2009.
  21. Federation of Canadian Municipalities. “Building Prosperity from the Ground Up: Restoring Municipal Fiscal Balance.” June, 2006.
  22. Federation of Canadian Municipalities. “Our Cities, Our Future.” Big City Mayors’ Caucus. June 2006.

Chapter 2

  1. Chart F: Historical - Statistics Canada. Projected - BC Stats Projection. May 2004.
  2. Chart G: Historical - Statistics Canada. Projected - BC Stats Projection. May 2004.
  3. Table 3: BC Stats, Regional Population Estimates and Projections.
  4. Mirza, S.M. and Haider, M. “The State of Infrastructure in Canada: Implications for Infrastructure Planning and Policy.” Accessed at: http://www.infc.gc.ca/research-recherche/results-resultats/rs-rr/rs-rr-2...
  5. Real Estate Board of Greater Vancouver. “Housing Price Index for Greater Vancouver.” January 2010. Accessed at: http://www.rebgv.org/housing-price-index?region=all&type=all&date=2010-0...
  6. Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation. “National Rental Vacancy Rate Increases in October 2009.” Accessed at: http://www.cmhc.ca/en/corp/nero/nere/2009/2009-12-16-0815.cfm
  7. Statistics Canada. “Consumer price index by province.” Accessed at: http://www40.statcan.ca/l01/cst01/cpis01k-eng.htm
  8. Frontier Centre for Public Policy. “6th Annual Demographia International Housing Affordability Survey.” January 25, 2010. Accessed at: http://www.fcpp.org/publication.php/3153
  9. Goldberg, et al. “Homeless Count 2005: On our streets and in our shelters.”  Michael Goldberg; Eberle Planning and Research; Jim Woodward & Associates Inc.; Deborah Kraus Consulting; Judy Graves; Infocus Consulting; John Talbot and Associates. Social Planning and Research Council of BC. September, 2005.
  10. Woodward, et al. “Research Project on Homelessness in Greater Vancouver.” Jim Woodward & Associates Inc.; Eberle Planning and Research; Deborah Kraus Consulting; Judy Graves; May Communications. Greater Vancouver Regional District (Metro Vancouver). July, 2002.
  11. BC Stats. B.C. GDP by Industry – NAICS Aggregations and Author’s Estimates.
  12. Jothen, Kerry. “Achieving a highly skilled, high performance workforce in British Columbia.” Business Council of BC. September, 2009.
  13. Chartered Accountants of BC. “Live Work Invest in BC: Check up 2009.”
  14. Accessed at: http://www.bccheckup.com/bccheckup.php?cat=5
  15. Chart H: BC Stats. Provincial Comparisons of Various Performance Indicators.
  16. Chart I: BC Stats. Provincial Comparisons of Various Performance Indicators.
  17. Chart J: BC Stats. Provincial Comparisons of Various Performance Indicators.
  18. Chart K: BC Stats. Provincial Comparisons of Various Performance Indicators.
  19. Chart L: BC Stats. Social-Economic Profiles - Health Service Delivery Areas. Accessed at http://www.bcstats.gov.bc.ca/data/sep/hsda/hs_main.asp
  20. Chart M: BC Stats. Social-Economic Profiles - Health Service Delivery Areas. Accessed at http://www.bcstats.gov.bc.ca/data/sep/hsda/hs_main.asp

Chapter 3

  1. Municipalities Today: An electronic information source for local governments in Saskatchewan. Saskatchewan Ministry of Municipal Affairs. May, 2009.
  2. CBC News. “Big property tax cut highlights Saskatchewan budget.” Accessed at:
  3. http://www.cbc.ca/canada/saskatchewan/story/2009/03/18/budget-main.html
  4. 660News.com. “Saskatchewan temporarily shelves plan to share PST revenue with municipalities.” Accessed at: http://www.660news.com/news/national/article/22844--saskatchewan-tempora...
  5. Province of British Columbia. 2010 Budget. Budget and Fiscal Plan - 2010/11 to 2012/13.
  6. Union of BC Municipalities. 2009 UBCM Convention Resolutions. Accessed at: http://www.ubcm.ca/EN/main/convention/past-conventions/2009-convention.h...
  7.     Union of BC Municipalities. 2010 UBCM Convention Resolutions. Accessed at: http://www.ubcm.ca/EN/main/convention/past-conventions/2010-convention.h...
  8. Institute for Local Self Government. Brochure: “Municipal Finance Quick Reference.” 2004. Accessed at: http://www.ilsg.org
  9. Slack, Enid. “Municipal Finance in Canada.” Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance, Munk Centre for International Studies. Presentation to Chinese Delegation. March 19, 2007.
  10. Federation of Canadian Municipalities. “Our Cities, Our Future.” Big City Mayors’ Caucus, Federation of Canadian Municipalities. June, 2006.
  11. City of Dallas. “Major Revenue Sources.” 2005.
  12. Missouri Municipal League. “Municipal Revenue Sources.” 2010.
  13. New Mexico Municipal League. “Municipal Revenue Sources in New Mexico.” 2006. Accessed at: http://www.nmml.org
  14. City of Toronto. “Budget Summary 2009.”
  15. City of Toronto. “Toronto Personal Vehicle Tax.” Accessed at: http://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2010/ex/bgrd/backgroundfile-32876.pdf
  16. City of Toronto. “2009 Toronto Financial Statements.” www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2010/ex/bgrd/backgroundfile-32920.pdf - 2010-08-06
  17. CTV News. “Golden Ears Bridge tolls may be reduced.” May 14, 2010. Accessed at: www.ctv.ca/servlet/ArticleNews/print/CTVNews/2010/20100514
  18. Sinoski, Kelly. “TransLink considers reducing tolls to get more traffic on Golden ears Bridge.” Vancouver Sun. June 2, 2010.
  19. Steele, Amy. “One year later, Golden Ears Bridge tolls hiked.” Maple Ridge-Pitt Meadows Times. July 2, 2010. Accessed at: http://www.mrtimes.com/story.html?id=3227614
  20. Wikipedia. Search: “Electronic toll collection.” Accessed at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electronic_toll_collection
  21. Wikipedia. Search: “Congestion charge.” Accessed at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Congestion_charge
  22. Wikipedia. Search: “Via Verde.” Accessed at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Via_Verde
  23. Province of British Columbia. Balanced Budget 2008 Backgrounder: “B.C.’s Revenue-Neutral Carbon Tax.” 2008.
  24. Infrastructure Canada. “Gas Tax Agreement: Canada-British Columbia-Union of BC Municipalities.” September 19, 2005.
  25. Langlois, Louis A. “Towards a permanent federal gas tax transfer.” Federation of Canadian Municipalities. February 23, 2007.
  26. Province of British Columbia. Ministry of Finance Tax Bulletin: “Hotel Room Tax Act.” January, 2010.
  27. Hotel Association of Canada. “Room Taxes on Lodging Industry in Canada.” June, 2010. Accessed at: www.hotelassociation.ca
  28. Community Energy Association. “Policy and Governance Tools.” September 2008. Accessed at: http://www.communityenergy.bc.ca/resources/cea-publications-0
  29. Community Energy Association. “Powering Our Communities.” September 2008. Accessed at: http://www.communityenergy.bc.ca/resources/cea-publications-0
  30. Community Energy Association. “Utilities and Financing.” February, 2008. Accessed at: http://www.communityenergy.bc.ca/resources/cea-publications-0
  31. Community Energy Association. “Heating Our Communities.” September 2007. Accessed at: http://www.communityenergy.bc.ca/resources/cea-publications-0
  32. Canadian Union of Public Employees. Briefing note: “New wastewater treatment systems include public resource recovery.” January, 2010.
  33. City of Toronto. “Green Bin Program.” Accessed at: http://www.toronto.ca/greenbin/index.htm
  34. City of Toronto. “Siting new organic processing facilities.” Accessed at: http://www.toronto.ca/greenbin/organics_processing/index.htm
  35. WindShare. “Community Wind Power.” Accessed at: www.windshare.ca/about/community_wind_power.html
  36. WindShare. “The Lakewind Project.” Accessed at: www.windshare.ca/lakewind/index.html
  37. Baker, Linda. “Heating the ‘Hood.” Planning. American Planning Association. December, 2009.
  38. Dachis, Ben. “Free the Garbage Hostages.” Globe and Mail. July 17, 2009.
  39. City of Ottawa. “Diversion 2015: Industrial, Commercial and Institutional (IC&I) Waste 3R Strategy.” April, 2009.
  40. City of Toronto. “Yellow Bag Program - Commercial Collection.” Accessed at: www.toronto.ca/yellowbag/index.htm, www.toronto.ca/garbage/commercial/index.htm
  41. Competition Bureau of Canada. News Release: “Competition Bureau Cracks Down on Joint Abuse of Dominance by Waste Companies.” June 16, 2009. Accessed at: http://www.competitionbureau.gc.ca/eic/site/cb-bc.nsf/eng/03081.html
  42. City of Nanaimo. “Position Paper 1.2 - Natural Gas Franchise Fees.” Accessed at: www.nanaimo.ca/assets/Municipal~Hall/City~Council/.../citypos12.pdf
  43. Manjak, Scott. “The politics of water.” Cranbrook Daily Townsman. April 15, 2010. Accessed at: http://www.dailytownsman.com/article/20100415/CRANBROOK0304/304159950/th...
  44. Town of Gibsons. “Project Details.” Accessed at: www.gibsonswater.ca/files/project-details.php
  45. Young, Michelle. “City OKs plan for water meters.” Kamloops Daily News. March 17, 2010. Accessed at: http://www.kamloopsnews.ca/article/20100317/KAMLOOPS0101/303179966/-1/KA...
  46. Shore, Randy. “TransLink’s $1.5B real estate empire.” Vancouver Sun. March 19, 2008.
  47. Wikipedia. Search: “TransLink.” Accessed at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TransLink
  48. TransLink. “2010 10-Year Transportation and Financial Supplemental Plan.” South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority. July 31, 2009.

    Chapter 4

  1. Real Estate Board of Greater Vancouver. “Housing Price Index for Greater Vancouver.January, 2010”. Accessed at: http://www.rebgv.org/housing-price-index?region=all&
  2. type=all&date=2010-01-01
  3. Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation. News Release: “National Rental Vacancy Rate Increases in October 2009”. Accessed at: http://www.cmhc.ca/en/corp/nero/nere/2009/2009-12-16-0815.cfm
  4. Statistics Canada. “Consumer Price Index, by province (monthly)”. Accessed at: http://www40.statcan.ca/l01/cst01/cpis01k-eng.htm
  5. SmartGrowth BC. “Downtown Salmon Arm Smart Growth Process: Final Results and Background Report”. August, 2009.
  6. Isakov, Andre. “The City of Salmon Arm”. Going Local: Inspirational stories of local government and local economy in British Columbia”. Page 21. Centre for Civic Governance. February, 2009.
  7. Florida, Richard. “The Rise of the Creative Class”. Basic Books, 2002.
  8. Isakov, Andre.  “Sustainable and Ethical Purchasing in Vancouver”. Going Local: Inspirational stories of local government and local economy in British Columbia”. Page 44. Centre for Civic Governance. February, 2009.
  9. Toronto Environmental Alliance. News Release: “Council says ‘Yes!’ to Local Food and Farmers”. October 31, 2008.
  10. Mwanzia, Kithio. “Niagara’s Green Procurement Policy”. St. Catharines - Thorold Chamber of Commerce. October, 2008.
  11. O’Neill, Barry. “Americans light years ahead of us on ‘local first’ economics”. July 21, 2009. Accessed at: http://www.cupe.bc.ca/news/commentary/316
  12. Sinclair, Scott. “Buy American Basics”. Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives. February 9, 2010.
  13. Sinclair, Scott. “Negotiating from Weakness: Canada-EU trade treaty threatens Canadian purchasing policies and public services”. Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives. April, 2010.
  14. Shrybman, Steven. “Municipal Procurement Implications of the Proposed Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) between Canada and the European Union”. Centre for Civic Governance. May 28, 2010.
  15. PricewaterhouseCoopers. “Financial and Economic Impacts of Treaty Settlements in British Columbia”. BC Treaty Commission. November 18, 2009.
  16. Terasen Gas. News Release: “Terasen Gas reaches operating agreement with Westbank First Nation”. September 20, 2006. Accessed at: http://www.terasengas.com/_AboutUs/News/OperatingAgreementWestbankFirstN...
  17. City of Penticton. News Release: “Penticton Indian Band and City of Penticton sign Sewage Treatment Service Agreement”. May 21, 2008. Accessed at:http://www.penticton.ca/pib/default.asp
  18. Isakov, Andre.  “Osoyoos Indian Band. Going Local: Inspirational stories of local government and local economy in British Columbia”. Page 31. Centre for Civic Governance. February, 2009.
  19. Osoyoos Indian Band. “Mt. Baldy Media Kit 06/07” Accessed at: www.skibaldy.com/media/MK_baldy_winter06.pdf
  20. Columbia Basin Trust. Columbia Basin Trust website: www.cbt.org. Pages accessed: http://www.cbt.org/Investments/?Private_Placements, http://www.cbt.org/Funding/?Programs
  21. Wikipedia. Search: “Columbia Basin Trust” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Columbia_Basin_Trust
  22. Municipal Finance Authority of BC. “2007 Annual Report”. Page 11.
  23. Isakov, Andre.  “Community Bonds”. Going Local: Inspirational stories of local government and local economy in British Columbia”. Page 64. Centre for Civic Governance. February, 2009.
  24. Parsons, G.F. “Community Bonds: A New Approach to Community and Economic Development”. Community Development, Volume 24, Issue 2, pages 196 - 212. September 1993.
  25. Saskatchewan Urban Municipalities Association. “Discussion Paper: Municipal Bonds”. June, 2009.
  26. Hallett, Dan. “Ontario Opportunity Bonds”. May 5, 2003. Accessed at: https://secure.globeadvisor.com/education/insight/article.html?/educatio...
  27. City of Kelowna. News Release: “City Considering Community Bonds”. January 2, 2008. Accessed at:http://www.kelowna.ca/ iNews/scripts/nws002.cfm?News_ID=1102&Category=CURRENT
  28. Gilbert, Richard. “City of Kelowna considers issuing bond to help cover infrastructure costs”. Journal of Commerce. January 21, 2008. Accessed at: http://www.journalofcommerce.com/article/id26078S
  29. Debates of the Senate. Bill S-203. 2nd Session, 40th Parliament. May 6, 2009.
  30. NatWest. “Community Bonds”. Accessed at: http://www.natwest.com/personal/savings/g3/medium-term/community-bond.as...
  31. Leung, et al. “Are There Canada-U.S. Differences in SME Financing?” Danny Leung, Césaire Meh, & Yaz Terajima. Working Paper 2008-41. Bank of Canada. October 2008.
  32. Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec. “2008 Annual Report”. Accessed at: http://www.lacaisse.com/en/Pages/Accueil.aspx
  33. Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec. Brochure: “We invest ourselves to go further as a responsible business”. Accessed at: http://www.lacaisse.com/en/Pages/Accueil.aspx
  34. Wikipedia. Search “Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec”. Accessed at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caisse_de_d%C3%A9p%C3%B4t_et_placement_du_Q...
  35. BC Investment Management Corporation. “2008-2009 Annual Report”. Accessed at: http://www.bcimc.com/
  36. BC Investment Management Corporation. “Assets under administration”. Accessed at: http://www.bcimc.com/investments/assetmix.asp
  37. BC Investment Management Corporation. “Investing in the Future: 2009 – 2012 Business Plan Summary”. March 30, 2009. Accessed at: http://www.bcimc.com/
  38. Solvell, et al. “The Cluster Initiative Greenbook.” Orjan Solvell, Goran Lindqvist, Chritian Ketels. Accessed at: http://www.cluster-research.org. August, 2003.
  39. Carroll, et al. “Cluster Based Economic Development: A Comprehensive Strategy to Secure NW Ohio’s Economic Future.” Michael C. Carroll and Neil Reid. September 2004.
  40. Fiorina, Carly. Quoted in Florida, Richard. “The Rise of the Creative Class”. Page 6. Basic Books, 2002.
  41. Association of Canadian Community Colleges. “Colleges and Institutes and Canada’s SMEs: A Partnership for Innovation.” February, 2007.
  42. Canadian Manufacturers & Exporters, British Columbia. “Manufacturing BC – Outlook 2020.” 2009.
  43. Bula, Frances. “A Tale of Two Cities”. BC Business. February 3, 2010.
  44. Schuman, Michael. “Local Clusters of Self-Reliance”. March 13, 2009. Accessed at http://small-mart.org/
  45. Burros, Marian. “Uniting Around Food to Save an Ailing Town”. New York Times. October 8, 2008.
  46. Wikipedia. Search “Güssing”. Accessed at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Güssing